An EIA Report of Highway Project covers the following chapters & contents as per the MoEF&CC’s EIA guidance Manual and standard TOR for conducting EIA study for Highways.

Chapter 1 Introduction
This chapter will cover purpose of the project, project proponent, brief description of the project name, nature, size, location of the project and its importance to the region/country.

Chapter 2 Project Description
The chapter contains the Broader Details of the Project and location; Activities for Site Preparation; Summary of Project Details; Natural Resources & Man Power Requirement and Project Implementation Schedule. The chapter also covers detailed alignment plan, with details such as nature of terrain (plain, rolling, hilly), land use pattern, habitation, cropping pattern, forest area, environmentally sensitive places, mangroves, notified industrial areas, sand dunes, sea, river, lake, details of villages, teshils, districts and states, latitude and longitude for important locations falling on the alignment by employing remote sensing techniques followed by ground truthing and also through secondary data sources.

Chapter 3 Analysis of Alternatives
The chapter describe various alternatives considered, procedures and criteria adopted for selection of the final alternative with reasons.

Chapter 4 Description of the Environment
This chapter covers details regarding study area and baseline environmental status in respect of land, water, air, noise and biological environment along with socio-economic & health environment.

Chapter 5 Analysis of Potential Environmental Impact & Mitigation Measures
This chapter describes the likely impact on each of the identified environmental component by adopting methods such as mathematical model, empirical method, reference of previous studies etc., Details of mitigation measures proposed in the project (site specific) to minimize the adverse effect.


Chapter 6 Environmental Monitoring Programme
This chapter cover the technical aspects of monitoring the effectiveness of mitigation measures (including measurement methodologies, data analysis, reporting schedules, emergency procedures and budget). It shall also include:
•Summary matrix of environmental monitoring covering location of monitoring stations, frequency of sampling, method of sampling analysis and data interpretation - during construction and operational stages
•Requirement of monitoring facilities
•Frequency of air quality monitoring
•Changes with reference to base line data and compliance to norms
•Plantation monitoring programme

Chapter 7 Additional Studies
This chapter cover the details of any additional studies specific to the project as identified by proponent or regulatory authority or Public during consultation.
After completion of the public hearing, the applicant address all the environmental concerns expressed during the process, and make appropriate changes in the draft EIA and EMP. 

Chapter 8 Project Benefits
This chapter include benefits accruing to the locality, neighborhood, region and nation as a whole. It should bring out details of benefits such as: Improvements in the physical infrastructure and road access; Improvement in social services by quicker and safe transport mode; Development of tourism in specific areas; Reduced pollution, vehicle maintenance, fuel saving due to better quality of roads and Over all development in economy and improved lifestyle

Chapter 9 Environmental Management Plan (EMP)
The chapter contain the following components:
•Summary of potential impact & recommended mitigation measures. Allocation of resources and responsibilities for plan implementation; Plan for fly ash utilization;
•Institutional arrangements proposed with other organizations/Govt. authorities for effective implementation of environmental measures proposed in the EIA;
•The proposed set up of a separate environmental cell to oversee implementation of the EMP and evaluate the results of monitoring.

Chapter 10 Summary and Conclusion
Summary of EIA is a summary of the full EIA report. It shall cover in brief the following:
•Introduction & Project description
•Description of the environment and anticipated environmental impact & mitigation measures
•Details of additional studies & Project benefits
•Important Aspects of the Environmental Management Plan and Environmental Monitoring Programme
•Disclosure of consultants engaged

Chapter 11 Disclosure of Consultants Engaged
This chapter include the names of the consultants engaged with their brief resume and nature of consultancy rendered. 

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